Privacy Issues Surrounding Biometric Technology

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center have provoked in-depth discussion and study of existing security measures, their deficiencies, and how to enhance security to prevent similar terrorist attacks from occurring in the future. Biometric technology has risen to the top of the list as a possible solution. The government is not the only entity exploring biometric security systems. The financial services industry see biometrics as a way to curb identity theft. Biometrics are intrinsic physical characteristics used to identify individuals. The most commonly used biometric is fingerprints but others include, handprints, facial features, iris & retinal scans, and voice recognition.

Soon after 9/11 there were calls for the issuance of national ID cards containing biometric information on an RFID chip implanted on the card. The argument is that national ID cards will increase security by identifying individuals with their unique fingerprints which are much more difficult to counterfeit than standard photo ID cards. There is also a movement toward biometric passports. It looks like biometric passports are coming soon. National ID cards may follow.

Biometric identification is nothing new. Humans have been identifying other humans biometrically since the beginning of time. You recognize people you know by their facial features, their voice, and other biometric features. What’s new is introducing technology into the mix that compares a given biometric with a stored database of biometrics to verify the identity of an individual. An individual place their finger on a fingerprint scanner and the image is compared with the database to verify the person’s identity. Promising as it is, biometric technology has not been without hiccups but biometrics are advancing quickly and becoming more and more prevalent in security systems.

Fingerprints are the most commonly used biometric identifiers. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted a study that showed single fingerprint biometric systems had a 98.6 percent accuracy rate. The accuracy rate rose to 99.6 percent when 2 fingerprints were used and an almost perfect 99.9 percent when 4 or more fingerprints were used. The study results show that biometric identification is nearly perfect which is not surprising given the uniqueness of human fingerprints.

The US-VISIT program, which is an acronym for United States Visitor & Immigrant Status Indicator Technology, currently requires foreign visitors to the US to present a biometric passport containing 2 fingerprints and a digital photo for identification purposes before being granted admission to the U.S. Of course the biometrics are compared against a vast network of government databases full of known and suspected terrorists and other criminals.

On the surface biometric technology may sound like a panacea but it’s use has raised significant privacy concerns that need to be addressed. Here are six major privacy concerns: storage, vulnerability, confidence, authenticity, linking, and ubiquity.

Critics wonder how the data will be stored and how vulnerable it will be to theft or abuse. Confidence issues center around the implications of false positives and false negatives. Can the biometric data be used to link to other information about the individual such as marital status, religion, employment status, etc.? And finally ubiquity. What are the implications of leaving electronic “bread crumbs” to mark a trail detailing every movement an individual makes?

Until these issues are addressed, privacy advocates will lead a charge to resist biometric technology claiming it as a way for the government to assume a “Big Brother” type of rule as described in George Orwell’s novel 1984. But protest as they may, it’s likely national security concerns and the ability of biometric systems to enhance the security of US border and possibly prevent another major terrorist attack will win out over privacy concerns.

Office Furniture Manufacturers

Office furniture manufacturers are huge in number and finding a suitable one is easy. When you want to buy a computer desk, you have to look at various designs to select the furniture of your choice. And for that you need to find the right seller, who has lots of designs to display.

Moreover, the seller should be well-experienced, so he knows the right furniture for your office. They should be able to visualize your requirements, so the customer will be satisfied. The manufacturers should provide good quality, high-end furniture to fulfill all the requirements. It is always better to inquire about a manufacturer and see their works to come to a conclusion. And also their existence in this field should be known, so you'll come to know that they have a strong base and they will be committed in their work.

Moreover, if it is a big firm, then there will be more people working in that firm. And there will be good customer support, and freight services will be systematic. There will be no need to arrange everything on your own. You can go through the online websites to know more about the manufacturers who stay nearby, and also the models that have been designed already. Regarding the price, it is better to discuss it with the customers who had long-term relationship with the manufacturer. So this will not leave room for cheating.

Office furniture includes office desk chairs, executive chairs, leather chairs, leather sofa, manager's chairs, conference chairs, sofa sets, sectional sofas, executive ergonomic chairs, executive leather office chairs, high back executive chairs, high-back leather chairs, executive high -back office chairs, leather dining chairs, custom leather chairs, leather lounge chairs, lounge chairs, leather computer chair, and computer chairs.

Why Use Paid Sites For Phone Number Information?

You may be wondering about this when you would have seen so many free reverse phone search websites advertising their services. If a reverse cell phone lookup service is available for free, then why would anyone pay for it somewhere else? Also, what is the big deal really? If you need to perform a reverse cell phone lookup, then you should be able to do it as it is your right to know the source of mysterious calls.

Yet, reverse phone search websites remain to be paid services. This is because of various reasons, the primary ones being that cell phone information of every person is a private data, and then, due to ethical and moral reasons, reverse phone search services should not be made publicly available.

You would have often been harassed by plenty of telemarketers trying to sell you insurance or financial products that you do not need. This happens even after you have selected the option on the phone number application form that you would not like to be listed on public databases.

When you sign up such forms, the phone company would ensure that your number is protected in their database, and that it does not show up publicly. This restricts the accessibility of your number to telemarketing companies. They would then have to look for other ways to get your phone number. Just imagine then, what your look would be if there was a database where everyone's phone numbers, including yours was to be publicly listed.

You would never be able to catch a moment's peace. This is the reason why it is required for every reverse phone search company to acquire a license with the government at first. They have to sign sign agreements with service providers as well as the government that they would never make their databases accessible to public.

So, every time you need to do a reverse cell phone lookup, you have to pay a fee. Also, if you are actually trying to get the phone number information of a person, then you would most certainly want the most recent data. The reverse phone search companies that have a reputation in the area ensure that their databases are maintained accurately by incorporating feeds continuously to update their databases.

Also, if you can imagine the total number of phone numbers in the country, then you would have to agree that in order to provide accurate information, the reverse phone search databases would have to be huge. This would require the reverse phone search companies to spend a lot of money on infrastructure, technology, and human resources.

Sterling Silver Jewelry Exposed

Sterling silver jewelry is enjoying an unprecedented popularity with today's fashion conscious public. You know how beautiful sterling silver jewelry is and how brilliantly it shines. Now here is the rest of the story.

Silver has been used since ancient times, but has not survived as well as ancient gold because it tarnished and decomposes. There have been times, however, when silver was "in"; we are going through such a vogue today.

Silver is the most common of the precious metals. Fine silver is pure silver, which is used for jewelry because it is too soft. Sterling silver is 925 parts silver to 75 of copper, the alloy most often used. Silver weighs about half as much as gold, has greater flexibility, but is not as malleable, it has always been less expensive as well. A comparable piece of gold jewelry may cost four or five times that of a piece of sterling silver jewelry.

The current fashion trend toward black clothing has made silver jewelry more popular than ever. Silver likes to be worn; it stays cleaner & shinier through movement and friction. So sterling silver is a perfect accessory for today's fast paced lifestyles. Much like gold, sterling silver needs to be cleaned.

Care and Cleaning of your Sterling Silver Jewelry

1.) For daily cleaning it is recommended to use a simple jewelry polishing cloth that is impregnated with special jewelry cleaner. These are widely available and are very easy to use. Store your cloth in a plastic zip-lock bag, and keeping your jewelry drawer or armoire. It is a good idea to have one cleaning cloth for gold and one for silver.

2.) For a slightly more "in-depth" cleaning you may want to use a liquid jewelry cleaner.

3.) For cleaning badly tarnished silver, here's a neat little trick

a.) Cover the inside bottom of a heat-proof glass dish on bowl with a piece of aluminum foil, shiny side up.

b.) Place the tarnished silver in the bottom of the dish, contacting the aluminum foil.

c.) Add 1 heaping tablespoon of baking soda, and then slowly pour boiling water to cover the piece. The tarnish will gradually collect on the aluminum foil.

d.) Remove your silver, rinse thoroughly, and polish.

Here are Some Tips for Greater Enjoyment of your Sterling Silver Jewelry

1.) Are your silver chains all tied-up in knots? If so, here's a nifty little trick for straightening them out. Dust your chain with a little talcum powder and then try to unknot it. If the knot is stubborn, place a small drop of baby oil on a sheet of wax paper. Lay the knot in the oil and work it out with two pins; then clean the chain as instructed below.

2.) Always apply make-up, perfumes, oils or colognes before you put on your jewelry.

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